Flag of the República Cantonal de Negros raised on Nov. 5, 1898, sun with round tipped rays.

What is the República Negrénse?

On a fateful day of November 5, 1898, a group of Negrense patriots led by General (later Presidenté) Aniceto Lacson of Northern Negros and General Juan Araneta captured the Spanish garrison from Spanish Gov. Isidro de Castro. An article from an online encyclopedia details a bit on the event now known as Al Cinco de Noviembre.

The Republic of Negros (Spanish: República de Negros) was a short-lived revolutionary republic, and later, administrative division, which existed while the Philippines was under Spanish and American sovereignty. It took its name from Negros Island.

From November 3 to November 6, 1898, the Negrenses rose in revolt against the Spanish authorities headed by politico-military governor Colonel Isidro de Castro. The Spaniards decided to surrender upon seeing armed troops marching in a pincer movement towards Bacolod. The revolutionaries, led by General Juan Araneta from Bago and General Aniceto Lacson from Talisay, were actually carrying fake arms consisting of rifles carved out of palm fronds and cannons of rolled bamboo mats painted black. By the afternoon of November 6, Colonel de Castro signed the Act of Capitulation, thus ending Spanish rule in Negros Occidental. This event is commemorated in Negros Occidental every November 5 as the day the Negrenses bluffed the Spaniards to attain their freedom.

On November 27, 1898, the Cantonal Republic of Negros (Spanish: República Cantonal de Negros) was established. It came under U.S. protection on April 30, 1899. On July 22, 1899, it was renamed the Republic of Negros, but on April 30, 1901, this was dissolved by the United States.


4 responses to “History

  • AL

    just a repeat comment post…but where is it?the one I posted yesterday?

    • Mark Mayo - Magallanes

      This one? “I haven’t entered yet the Negros Museum since it opened.Is the flag of the Cantonal Republic displayed there?I am now beginning to be curious about the museum but if your website features the museum from time to time,while I still can’t have time to visit the place, I will just read your blogs here.keep it up Mark..SSC Bacolod is so proud of you.more power!”

      Ara Nong sa “About the República”. 🙂 “About the República” is the parent page while this one, “History”, is the associate page. Ang content sang “About the República” is the conglomeration sang nakabutang sa “History” (this page), “Relevance” and “Our Stand”. 🙂

  • Bryan Lee Sammis

    I’m surprised you don’t see that flag flying along with the national flag and provencial flags(Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental)?

    I would be cool to see!!

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